The flu treatment is preferably carried out at homeThe flu treatment is preferably carried out at home.
Hospitalization is performed for clinical, epidemiological and social reasons.
heavy and hypertoxic forms of influenza;
complicated course of influenza (meningitis, encephalitis, pneumonia, etc.);
the neonatal period, regardless of the severity of the disease; also suitable hospitalization of infants.
the stay of the child in a closed institution or in an organized group (orphanage, children"s home, health camp etc.).
the inability to provide treatment and adequate care in the outpatient setting for social, technical or other reasons;
the inability to organize the "hospital at home" there if necessary;
homeless and neglected children.
Patients with influenza should be hospitalized in a box or Polubarinova office.
All patients with influenza is shown:
medical protective regime (bedding - in period of fever and intoxication with further transition to polupostelny followed until recovery);
lacto-vegetarian diet enriched with vitamins, excessive drinking in the form of hot tea, cranberry or cranberry juice, alkaline mineral water;
anti-inflammatory and antipyretics age dose at body temperature of 38 °C and above (if there is no evidence for the purpose of antipyretics at a lower temperature - febrile convulsions in history, epilepsy, etc.). The most safe antipyretic for children is paracetamol (Children"s Panadol, suspension or suppositories). Single dose of 15 mg/kg daily to 60 mg/kg of body weight of the child;
when the "red fever" is also use physical methods of cooling (rubbing alcohol mixed with water);
"pale fever", as a rule, reflects the infectious-toxic shock and require intensive therapy;
the flu never use aspirin because of the risk of Reye"s syndrome with very high mortality;
mucolytic agent (acetylcysteine, carbocisteine) with a thick and viscous sputum mucolytics with expectorant effect Bromhexine, Ambroxol;
expectorants (litorin, marshmallow extract, thermopsis extract, etc.) coughing patients with poorly outgoing sputum.
Local treatment of influenza
rhinitis with intranasal 0.9% sodium chloride solution, vasoconstrictor drops (Oxymetazoline, Xylometazoline); in protracted rhinitis with severe nasal congestion additionally, topical antihistamines (desloratadine 2 years), and with allergic component - intranasal spray with topical glucocorticosteroid;
pharyngitis, tonsillitis 2% solution of silver Proteinate or collargol; the older children - becarmin, chlorhexidine+tetracaine+ascorbic acid, etc.;
laryngitis, tracheitis, laryngotracheitis children over 2 years to improve drainage steam inhalation (infusion of chamomile, calendula, mint, sage, Hypericum, 1-2% solution of sodium bicarbonate); in obstructive laryngitis/laryngotracheitis (croup syndrome) in hospital use preingestive camera with the use of bronchodilators (flomax etc.), corticosteroids, sodium bicarbonate;
vitamins: ascorbic acid, b vitamins, multivitamins;
antihistamines shown to the children with allergic diseases in the exacerbation stage (eczema, respiratory allergies, etc.). Use clemastin, hloropiramin, loratadine, Fexofenadine, etc.
Etiotropic antiviral treatment of influenza
Adamantane derivatives: for children from 1 to 7 years - 0.2% syrup rimantadine 5 mg/(kg/day); for children 7 years and older - rimantadine 1.5 mg/(kg/day);
Inhibitors of viral neuraminidase: oseltamivir 2 mg/(kg/day) children over 12 years;
Specific anti-influenza immunoglobulin, normal human immunoglobulin is indicated for heavy and hypertoxic forms of influenza;
Interferons (interferon-alpha intranasal. interferon-alpha 2 rectal interferon Alfa-2A intramuscularly in severe forms), and inducers of endogenous interferon (Arbidol, Anaferon for children, kagocel), etc. during therapy a new domestic drug kagocel in children with influenza and other acute respiratory viral infection significantly reduced the duration of symptoms of intoxication, fever, catarrhal phenomena in neurotology and the main symptoms of stenosing laryngotracheitis (bronchitis). Kagocel helps increase the production of a - and y-interferons in 1.5-2 times of patients with an initial low level. In any case, the application of the inductor of interferon in clinical trials in children not previously registered the side effects and adverse events, including those not observed and exacerbation of allergic diseases on the background of treatment, while in the comparison group respiratory infection caused exacerbation of atopic dermatitis. Kagocel is well tolerated by children reduces duration of hospitalization and can be used in pediatric patients in children 6 years of age: 1 tablet three times a day for the first two days, then 1 tablet 2 times a day for the next 2 days. The analysis of clinical trials showed that kagocel has a universal effect on the infectious process of viral respiratory infections, regardless of their etiology and clinical manifestations.
Treating flu with antibiotics
The flu, as with other acute viral respiratory infections and needed antibiotics no, they are only useful if you suspect a bacterial nature of the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract.
It should be clearly understood that treating flu with antibiotics has no positive effect, as antibacterial agents for the treatment of infectious diseases that were caused by bacteria, but the flu evolves under the influence of viruses. Moreover, the treatment of influenza antibiotics may cause harm to your body as uncontrolled and inappropriate use increases the risk of infections that are resistant to antibiotics. Remember, bacteria and viruses have a completely different nature, and treatment of influenza by antibiotics is absolutely useless. Antibiotics can be prescribed by a doctor only if complications triggered by the flu virus, as these complications can be caused by bacteria that have penetrated a weakened disease organism. Antibacterial drugs are prescribed in such complications of flu like pneumonia, bacterial bronchitis, inflammation of the pharynx or respiratory tract, conjunctivitis, etc.
Antibiotics for the flu are appointed under strict indications:
Bacterial complications (acute obstructive suppurative-necrotic laryngotracheitis/laryngitis - regardless of the degree of croup, croup syndrome II-IV degree, pneumonia, otitis media, sinusitis, streptococcal or other bacterial tonsillitis/pharyngitis, lymphadenitis, especially with the fluctuation, bronchitis with purulent sputum, pneumonia, etc.);
A suspected bacterial infection in a patient with influenza (when it is difficult to exclude the development of bacterial infections, severe toxemia, severe pain in the throat, raids on the tonsils, ear pain, shortness of breath without signs of bronchial obstruction, asymmetry of wheezing auscultation, leukocytosis in the blood more than 12 15?109/p). Early prescription of antibiotics for suspected bacterial complications in children up to the age of 3 years. However, if the following observation and examination of suspected bacterial infection is not confirmed, the antibiotic should be abolished;
Severe and complicated forms of influenza;
Chronic foci of bacterial infection and their exacerbation (recurrent otitis media, chronic sinusitis, chronic pyelonephritis, etc.);
Clinical signs of immunodeficiency.
Treatment of influenza at home
Treatment of influenza at home should definitely be integrated. First and foremost, one should realize that the patient with the flu requires bed rest, as any physical activity significantly increases the risk of complications. In order to effectively fight the infection, the body needs a rich and warm drink. This helps to prevent intoxication, improves removal of phlegm and helps to restore water balance in the body. To bring down the temperature below 38 degrees is not recommended, as it creates a barrier to the propagation of infectious agents. To reduce heat in the home can use the raspberry to two tablespoons of raspberry add two tablespoons of mother and stepmother and a spoonful of marjoram, pour boiling water for half an hour and strain. The resulting broth take a quarter Cup four times a day. To reduce the temperature you can also use vinegar compresses to the calves of the legs. When you cough effectively warm milk with non-carbonated mineral water. To facilitate nasal breathing with colds and nasal congestion use vasoconstrictor drops and sprays (touch, not call) and drops of oil-based (pinosol). For nasal you can use herbal decoctions and solution furatsilina. To reduce the inflammatory process in the throat by using a gargle, using for this purpose the alcoholic solution hlorofillipta, furacilin, decoction of chamomile and sage, soda-salt solution. At the beginning of the disease is shown taking antiviral drugs, such as Arbidol, Anaferon, Amizon, etc. to Ease the condition can onion juice diluted with natural honey. Take this mixture every half hour one teaspoon. Powerful antioxidant effect has lemon - it reduces the toxicity of the body and has the virus destructive influence.
Drugs for treatment of influenzaEREEC
United States. American Samoa
Tel: (386) 328-0000-0000
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